An annual event where faculty, scientists, graduate students, and invited speakers focus on how climate and our physical and human world interact. Each year a new topic, showcasing emerging knowledge and ways in which disciplines intersect, is examined. Always an opportunity for team building and for full discussion of the alternative ways that research can be brought to focus on the pressing questions of today.
2020 Virtual Summer Institute on Climate Extremes and Climate and Environmental Equity
Organized by Becky Alexander, Director, UW Program on Climate Change, and Professor, UW Atmospheric Sciences,
Dates: September 14-18, 2020
#2020PCCSI @uwpcc (for those who tweet)
This years’ summer institute was a re-imagining of how to engage across disciplines around an important climate issue of the day. We explored climate extremes, as seen in marine and continental heatwaves, precipitation and hydrology, and related equity issues. Registration closed Sept. 1, 2020.
Most days ran from 10:00am to 12:30pm and included
- (Pre-recorded) Presentations by invited speakers with introductions by faculty and graduate student session leads
- Break out group conversations
- Live panel discussion
- Lightning talks
- Poster session
Registered participants will be emailed the links to our zoom session and to poster/discussion session breakout rooms the day before each session. Watch for Monday’s links Sunday afternoon, Sept. 13.
Wed at 4:30 PM “PCC Trivia Night: Equally Trivial and Extreme” While we recognize that nothing could replace the feeling of being together in person together at Friday Harbor, PCC GSR Greta Shum organized an evening of trivia.
Suggested readings are being compiled for each session. We encouraged all, but especially graduate students and postdocs, to read and discuss prior to the workshop.
Session 1 (Monday Sept. 14): Marine Heatwaves (organized by Greg Johnson and Hillary Scannell)
- Marine Heatwaves: Generation Mechanisms & Impacts on Weather and Climate – Nick Bond (UW/JISAO/PMEL).
- Marine Heatwaves: Harmful Algal Blooms, and their Impacts on Marine Ecosystems –Vera Trainer (NOAA/NWFS).
- Marine Heatwaves: Impacts on Fisheries & Future Projections – William Cheung (UBC).
- Cheung, W.W.L., Frölicher, T.L. Marine heatwaves exacerbate climate change impacts for fisheries in the northeast Pacific. Sci Rep 10, 6678 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63650-z
- Vera L. Trainer, et al., Harmful Algae, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hal.2019.03.009
- Mark L. Wells, et al., Harmful Algae, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hal.2019.101632
Session 2 (Tuesday Sept. 15): Continental Heatwaves (organized by David Battisti and Lucas Zeppetello)
- Continental Heatwaves: Heat stress – Steve Sherwood (University of New South Wales)
- Continental Heatwaves: Heat extremes – Karen McKinnon (UCLA)
- Continental Heatwaves: Heat, climate change, and forest ecology – Brian Harvey (UW)
- Sherwood, S. E. and Huber, M. An adaptability limit to climate change due to heat stress, PNAS, May 25, 2010 107 (21) 9552-9555; https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0913352107
- McKinnon, K. A., A. Rhines, M. P. Tingley, and P. Huybers (2016), The changing shape of Northern Hemisphere summer temperature distributions, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 8849–8868, doi:10.1002/2016JD025292.
- Spangler, K.R and Wellenius, G. A. (2020), Spatial patterns of recent US summertime heat trends: Implications for heat sensitivity and health adaptations, Environ. Res. Commun. 2 035002, doi:10.1088/2515-7620/ab7abb
- Harvey, B. J., Donato, D.C. and Turner, M. G. (2016), High and dry: post-fire tree seedling
establishment in subalpine forests decreases with post-fire drought and large stand-replacing burn patches. Global Ecol. Biogeogr., (2016) 25, 655–669. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/geb.12443
- Stevens-Rumann, C.S., Kemp, K.B., Higuera, P.E., Harvey, B.J., Rother, M.T., Donato, D.C., Morgan, P. and Veblen, T.T. (2017) Evidence for declining forest resilience to wildfires under climate change. Ecology Letters. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.12889
Session 3 (Wednesday Sept. 16): Equity (organized by Kristie Ebi and Chris Boyer)
- Extremes/equity in the Arctic – Eileen Kazura (UW)
- Extremes/equity in the Pacific –Victoria Keener (University of Hawaii)
- Extremes/equity/marginalized communities in the U.S. – Cate Mingoya (Director of Capacity Building for Groundwork USA)
Suggested Readings :
- Keener, V., D. Helweg, S. Asam, S. Balwani, M. Burkett, C. Fletcher, T. Giambelluca, Z. Grecni, M. Nobrega-Olivera, J. Polovina, and G. Tribble, 2018: Hawai’i and U.S.-Affiliated Pacific Islands. In Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA. doi: 10.7930/NCA4.2018.CH27
- David Derauf, F. DeWolfe Miller and Tim Brown. The fierce urgency of now – engaging Pacific Islander communities in Hawaii to contain COVID-19. 21 Aug, 2020. East-West Center Wire. https://www.eastwestcenter.org/system/tdf/private/ewwire057deraufmillerbrown.pdf?file=1&type=node&id=38226
Dooley, K., J. Gupta, and A. Patwardhan, 2018: INEA editorial: Achieving 1.5°C and climate justice. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 18(1), 1-9, doi: 10.1007/s10784-018-9389-x.
- Teresa Molina, Tetine Sentell, Randall Q. Akee, Alvin Onaka, Timothy J. Halliday, and Brian Horiuchi, 2020: The Mortality Effects of Reduced Medicaid Coverage Among International Migrants in Hawaii: 2012-2018 American Journal of Public Health 110, 1205_1207, https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2020.305687
- Ryder, Stacia. A Bridge to Challenging Environmental Inequality: Intersectionality, Environmental Justice, and Disaster Vulnerability. Social Thought and Research, Volume 34, 2017, pp. 85-115. https://doi.org/10.17161/1808.25571
- Why racial justice is climate justice: the worst disasters are never colorblind. https://grist.org/fix/combatting-climate-change-covid-19-and-systemic-injustice-on-the-same-front/ By Claire Elise Thompson, Grist, June 4, 2020
- The Ugly History of Climate Determinism Is Still Evident Today. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-ugly-history-of-climate-determinism-is-still-evident-today/ .By Simon Donner, June 24, 2020
Session 4 (Thursday Sept. 17): Precipitation (organized by Angie Pendergrass, NCAR/Cornell, Yue Dong, and Pedro Angulo-Umana)
- What a new 20-year Global Rainfall Climatology Tells us about High-Impact Weather: from the MJO to Hurricanes – Shuyi Chen (UW)
- Changes in extreme precipitation with global warming – Angie Pendergrass (NCAR / Cornell University)
- The role of convective organisation in extreme precipitation – Jiawei Bao (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany)
- Kerns, B. W., & Chen, S. S. (2020). A 20‐year climatology of Madden‐Julian oscillation convection: Large‐scale precipitation tracking from TRMM‐GPM rainfall. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JD032142
- Tan, J., Jakob, C., Rossow, W. et al. Increases in tropical rainfall driven by changes in frequency of organized deep convection. Nature 519, 451–454 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14339
- Pendergrass, A. What precipitation is extreme? Science 360, Issue 6393, 1072-1073 (2018). https://DOI: 10.1126/science.aat1871
(Friday Sept. 18): Hydrology (organized by Bart Nijssen, Valerie Chang and Shelby Ahrendt)
- Watershed response to wildfires – Fadji Maina (Energy Geosciences Division at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)
- Climate-resilient floodplain management – Guillaume Mauger (Climate Impacts Group, UW)
- Climate impacts on local water resources – Julie Vano (Aspen Global Change Institute)
- Maina, F. Z., E. R. Siirila-Woodburn, M. Newcomer, Z. Xu, and C. Steefel, 2020: Determining the impact of a severe dry to wet transition on watershed hydrodynamics in California, USA with an integrated hydrologic model. J Hydrol, 580, 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.124358.
- Maina, F. Z., and E. R. Siirila‐Woodburn, 2019: Watersheds dynamics following wildfires: Nonlinear feedbacks and implications on hydrologic responses. Hydrol Process, 34, 33-50, https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.13568.
- van Valkengoed, A. M., and L. Steg, 2019: Meta-analyses of factors motivating climate change adaptation behaviour. Nat Clim Change, 9, 158-163, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0371-y
- Salathé, E. P., A. F. Hamlet, C. F. Mass, S.-Y. Lee, M. Stumbaugh, and R. Steed, 2014: Estimates of Twenty-First-Century Flood Risk in the Pacific Northwest Based on Regional Climate Model Simulations. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 1881-1899, https://doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-13-0137.1.
- Interagency Floodplain Management Review Committee, 1994: Sharing the Challenge: Floodplain Management into the 21st Century, [Available online at https://fas.org/irp/agency/dhs/fema/sharing.pdf.]
- Vano, J. A., M. D. Dettinger, R. Cifelli, D. Curtis, A. Dufour, K. Miller, J. R. Olsen, and A. M. Wilson, 2019: Hydroclimatic Extremes as Challenges for the Water Management Community: Lessons from Oroville Dam and Hurricane Harvey. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100, S9-S14, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0219.1.
- Vano, J. A., J. R. Arnold, B. Nijssen, M. P. Clark, A. W. Wood, E. D. Gutmann, N. Addor, J. Hamman, and F. Lehner, 2018: DOs and DON’Ts for using climate change information for water resource planning and management: guidelines for study design. Climate Services, 12, 1-13, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cliser.2018.07.002.
While the PCC community, including alumni, and invited speakers and their affiliates, are our primary audience, others were welcome.